参考:btcd

主启动顺序

main函数位于btcd.go,此处省略了辅助功能的服务(profile等)

  1. loadconfig() 加载配置
  2. doUpgrades() 升级操作
  3. loadBlockDB() 加载数据库
  4. server.start() 启动server
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func btcdMain(serverChan chan<- *server) error {
	// Load configuration and parse command line.  This function also
	// initializes logging and configures it accordingly.
	tcfg, _, err := loadConfig()
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	cfg = tcfg
	defer func() {
		if logRotator != nil {
			logRotator.Close()
		}
	}()


	// Load the block database.
	db, err := loadBlockDB()
	if err != nil {
		btcdLog.Errorf("%v", err)
		return err
	}
	defer func() {
		// Ensure the database is sync'd and closed on shutdown.
		btcdLog.Infof("Gracefully shutting down the database...")
		db.Close()
	}()

	
	// Create server and start it.
	server, err := newServer(cfg.Listeners, db, activeNetParams.Params,
		interrupt)
	if err != nil {
		// TODO: this logging could do with some beautifying.
		btcdLog.Errorf("Unable to start server on %v: %v",
			cfg.Listeners, err)
		return err
	}
	defer func() {
		btcdLog.Infof("Gracefully shutting down the server...")
		server.Stop()
		server.WaitForShutdown()
		srvrLog.Infof("Server shutdown complete")
	}()
	server.Start()
	if serverChan != nil {
		serverChan <- server
	}

	// Wait until the interrupt signal is received from an OS signal or
	// shutdown is requested through one of the subsystems such as the RPC
	// server.
	<-interrupt
	return nil
}

server启动顺序

start()函数实现位于server.go

  1. peerHandler() p2p服务,用于处理节点间的同步信息 端口 :12008
  2. rpcServer.Start() rpcServer,用于处理客户端的rpc请求 端口:12009
  3. cpuMiner.Start() 用于挖矿服务
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// Start begins accepting connections from peers.
func (s *server) Start() {
	// Already started?
	if atomic.AddInt32(&s.started, 1) != 1 {
		return
	}

	srvrLog.Trace("Starting server")

	// Server startup time. Used for the uptime command for uptime calculation.
	s.startupTime = time.Now().Unix()

	// Start the peer handler which in turn starts the address and block
	// managers.
	s.wg.Add(1)
	go s.peerHandler()

	if s.nat != nil {
		s.wg.Add(1)
		go s.upnpUpdateThread()
	}

	if !cfg.DisableRPC {
		s.wg.Add(1)

		// Start the rebroadcastHandler, which ensures user tx received by
		// the RPC server are rebroadcast until being included in a block.
		go s.rebroadcastHandler()

		s.rpcServer.Start()
	}

	// Start the CPU miner if generation is enabled.
	if cfg.Generate {
		s.cpuMiner.Start()
	}
}

peerHander启动顺序

peerHandler()函数实现位于server.go

  1. addrManager.Start() 处理节点信息地址
  2. syncManager.Start() 处理节点同步
  3. connManager.Start() 处理节点之间连接 (支持tcp/onion)
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// peerHandler is used to handle peer operations such as adding and removing
// peers to and from the server, banning peers, and broadcasting messages to
// peers.  It must be run in a goroutine.

func (s *server) peerHandler() {
	// Start the address manager and sync manager, both of which are needed
	// by peers.  This is done here since their lifecycle is closely tied
	// to this handler and rather than adding more channels to sychronize
	// things, it's easier and slightly faster to simply start and stop them
	// in this handler.
    
	s.addrManager.Start()
	s.syncManager.Start()

	srvrLog.Tracef("Starting peer handler")

	state := &peerState{
		inboundPeers:    make(map[int32]*serverPeer),
		persistentPeers: make(map[int32]*serverPeer),
		outboundPeers:   make(map[int32]*serverPeer),
		banned:          make(map[string]time.Time),
		outboundGroups:  make(map[string]int),
	}

	if !cfg.DisableDNSSeed {
		// Add peers discovered through DNS to the address manager.
		connmgr.SeedFromDNS(activeNetParams.Params, defaultRequiredServices,
			btcdLookup, func(addrs []*wire.NetAddress) {
				// Bitcoind uses a lookup of the dns seeder here. This
				// is rather strange since the values looked up by the
				// DNS seed lookups will vary quite a lot.
				// to replicate this behaviour we put all addresses as
				// having come from the first one.
				s.addrManager.AddAddresses(addrs, addrs[0])
			})
	}
	go s.connManager.Start()
}

rpcServer启动顺序

rpcServer.Start()函数实现位于rpcserver.go

  1. httpServer.serve() 监听rpc请求(支持http/websocket)
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// Start is used by server.go to start the rpc listener.
func (s *rpcServer) Start() {
	if atomic.AddInt32(&s.started, 1) != 1 {
		return
	}

	rpcsLog.Trace("Starting RPC server")
	rpcServeMux := http.NewServeMux()
	httpServer := &http.Server{
		Handler: rpcServeMux,

		// Timeout connections which don't complete the initial
		// handshake within the allowed timeframe.
		ReadTimeout: time.Second * rpcAuthTimeoutSeconds,
	}
	rpcServeMux.HandleFunc("/", func(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
		w.Header().Set("Connection", "close")
		w.Header().Set("Content-Type", "application/json")
		r.Close = true

		// Limit the number of connections to max allowed.
		if s.limitConnections(w, r.RemoteAddr) {
			return
		}

		// Keep track of the number of connected clients.
		s.incrementClients()
		defer s.decrementClients()
		_, isAdmin, err := s.checkAuth(r, true)
		if err != nil {
			jsonAuthFail(w)
			return
		}

		// Read and respond to the request.
		s.jsonRPCRead(w, r, isAdmin)
	})

	// Websocket endpoint.
	rpcServeMux.HandleFunc("/ws", func(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
		authenticated, isAdmin, err := s.checkAuth(r, false)
		if err != nil {
			jsonAuthFail(w)
			return
		}

		// Attempt to upgrade the connection to a websocket connection
		// using the default size for read/write buffers.
		ws, err := websocket.Upgrade(w, r, nil, 0, 0)
		if err != nil {
			if _, ok := err.(websocket.HandshakeError); !ok {
				rpcsLog.Errorf("Unexpected websocket error: %v",
					err)
			}
			http.Error(w, "400 Bad Request.", http.StatusBadRequest)
			return
		}
		s.WebsocketHandler(ws, r.RemoteAddr, authenticated, isAdmin)
	})

	for _, listener := range s.cfg.Listeners {
		s.wg.Add(1)
		go func(listener net.Listener) {
			rpcsLog.Infof("RPC server listening on %s", listener.Addr())
			httpServer.Serve(listener)
			rpcsLog.Tracef("RPC listener done for %s", listener.Addr())
			s.wg.Done()
		}(listener)
	}

	s.ntfnMgr.Start()
}